Where Bauhaus was born
From its humble beginnings in Weimar, the Bauhaus quickly made a name for itself and became the centre of the international avantgarde movement. In 1919, architect Walter Gropius founded the world-famous art and design school under the name of 'Staatliches Bauhaus zu Weimar'. In 1925, the school moved to the town of Dessau, and later to Berlin, where it was closed down as a result of pressure from the National Socialists in 1933. The Bauhaus masters and students went out into the world and the Bauhaus ideas travelled with them – from Tel Aviv and Chicago to Santiago de Chile, Moscow and Tokyo.
In 1919, Weimar became not only the birthplace of the Bauhaus movement but also the cradle of the first German democracy (the Weimar Republic, from 1919 to 1933). The early years of Bauhaus art and design in particular were therefore strongly influenced by curiosity and a desire for change. Masters and students experimented with materials, forms and colours, but also with new housing concepts and teaching methods. Artists such as Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger, Marcel Breuer and Marianne Brandt answered the call of founder Walter Gropius and came to Weimar.
Bauhaus concepts were taken up, enhanced, critiqued, discarded and rediscovered. The influence of the Bauhaus movement on the evolution of modern architecture, industrial design and modern art in the 20th century was substantial. Its ideal was to enable all disciplines of arts and crafts to interact to build the future together and design a better, modern lifestyle. Today, several Bauhaus buildings in Weimar and Dessau have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage list.