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Border museums and memorials

Point Alpha Memorial Geisa/Rhön

One of the “hottest spots” during the Cold War! From 1972 until the end of communism in 1989, "Point Alpha" was one of the most important observation points of the US Forces in Europe. The camp was at the centre of the Fulda Gap NATO defence line, where an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops was feared in the event of war. It is an impressive and important monument to German history.

New exhibition at the Point-Alpha Border Memorial

Ten years after opening, the permanent exhibition has been updated in line with the latest didactic and scientific findings, greatly extended and also given more room. It comprises up-to-the-minute information on the impact of the Cold War in the Geisa region and also includes the GDR border installations and authentic testimonials to life in the restricted area against the background of the reality of the Warsaw Pact. Animated strategic plans of the Warsaw Pact and NATO demonstrate that the region really was one of the “hottest spots” during the Cold War. The focus is on vivid presentation and designed to appeal, above all, to young visitors. Descriptions of everyday situations during the time when Germany was divided enable a direct comparison with conditions today. The new exhibition is scheduled to be a living archive of regional history in the future and makes a start with more than 20 conversations with contemporary witnesses which have been produced especially for this exhibition. A special “Story Point” invites every visitor to tell his or her own “border story”.

Eichsfeld Borderland Museum, Teistungen

The Eichsfeld Borderland Museum stands on the site of the former inner German border crossing of Duderstadt-Worbis. An exhibition covering about 700 m² provides information about the history of the inner German border from 1945 - 1989/90, in particular, and the consequences of this division for the people but also for nature.

Schifflersgrund Border Museum, Asbach-Sickenberg, Eichsfeld

The first border museum on the former inner German border opened as early as 1991. At “Schifflersgrund”, exhibition rooms and outdoor areas with military equipment from east and west are presented around an eleven-metre tall observation tower of the GDR border forces. A kilometre with expanded metal fencing, control strip, patrol road and an anti-vehicle ditch complete the outside facilities. In the museum, a wide variety of original documents provide fascinating information about the history of German division and the Wanfried Agreement and its consequences.

Mödlareuth Two Germanies Museum, South-East Thuringia

The divided village near Hof was also called “Little Berlin” by the Americans. The Mödlareuth Museum shows the complete history of the division of Germany. Not only the Wall and barbed wire but also the political, economic and social aspects of this division are presented and elaborated with the help of regional and local examples. Parts of the 700-metre long concrete barrier wall and metal mesh fencing have been preserved in their original condition together with the observation tower. Today’s memorial consists of an outdoor area, a (special) exhibition section, educational rooms and a museum infrastructure with archives, library and storage. 

Rodachtal Two-State Museum, Streufdorf, South Thuringia

Here the history of a region in Franconia and Thuringia divided for 40 years is told, crossing the former border. The Museum focuses on the history and life of a rural region, beginning as early as 1900, and graphically illustrates social, political, technical and economic changes right through to the 21st century.